And the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). In order
  • And the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Title Loaded From File social Support (MSPSS). The Urdu version of the MSPSS, validated in a South Asian population was used to assess perceived social support levels among the respondents [17]. The MSPSS is a 12-item scale that uses a seven-point Likert scale format (1 = very strongly disagree; to 7 = very strongly agree). It assesses perceived support from three sources: family, friends, and significant other (four items each). The total scores range from 12 to 84, and higher scores indicate higher social support. All data were analyzed in SPSS v. 20. Frequencies srep18714 and descriptive statistics were run for demographic variables. A Chi square test was used to analyze if there were significant differences in the proportion of gender, ethnicity, household income, education, and background. A T-test for independent samples was used to analyze differences in age of controls and burn patients. Then, point biserial correlation was used to analyze association of type of case (dichotomous variable: burn/control) with scores on ER-89, MSPSS scale and its subscales.ResultsThe study included a total of 80 patients with burn injuries and 80 healthy controls. The mean age of all recruited subjects was 34.94 years (11.2). The mean duration of time since burn injury for patients was 6.29 (4.7) years. The mean score standard deviation (SD) on MSPSS was 4.64 (1.1); significant other subscale 4.67 (1.3), family subscale 4.70 (1.2) and friend subscale 4.14 (1.2). The mean score on the ego resiliency-89 scale was 2.82 (.63). There were no significant differences in the proportion of gender, education level, and background between patients with burn injury and their healthy counterparts (Table 1). However, significantly higher number of controls were of Punjabi ethnicity and had low income as compared to patients with burn injuries (Table 1). There was no significant difference in the age of healthy controls and burn cases (t=.91, P=.365).2016 Waqas et al. Cureus 8(11): e867. DOI 10.7759/cureus.3 ofBurn Variable Male Gender Female Low Household income High Punjabi Ethnicity Other Illiterate or primary level Education Higher than primary level Rural Background Urban 66 82.5 58 14 72.5 17.5 43 22 53.8 27.5 44 37 55.0 46.2 56 36 70.0 45.0 Count 24 Percentage ( ) 30.0Control Count 15 65 63 17 66 14 21 59 15 65 Percentage ( ) 18.8 81.2 78.8 21.2 82.5 17.5 26.2 73.8 18.8 81.2 .042* .032* 22.9** 19.3** Chi square value 2.8*TABLE 1: Demographic characteristics of burn patients fpsyg.2015.01865 and control cases* denotes P > .05, ** denotes P < .Our results showed that patients with a burn injury were associated with lower scores on the social support scale as well as the subscales of support from the significant other, family, and friends. However, no significant association was found between the type of case (dichotomous variable, i.e. whether the patients were burn victims or had some minor ailment) and scores on the ego resiliency scale (Table 2).Variable Type of caseSignificant other .456*Family .478*Friends .281*Social support .455*Ego resiliency .147**TABLE 2: Point.